CPR First Aid

First Aid Tips for Shock

First Aid Tips for Shock

If not appropriately treated, shock is a dangerous condition that frequently results in death. We’ll talk about the signs of shock and how to aid someone who’s going through it in this blog post. Remember that shock requires immediate medical assistance, so call 000 as soon as you suspect someone is experiencing it.

What is Shock?

Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body is not getting enough blood flow. Shock can damage multiple organs, and requires immediate medical treatment as it can worsen rapidly.

There are many specific types of shock including:

  • Hypovolemic shock
  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Anaphylactic shock
  • Neurogenic shock
  • Obstructive shock

Causes of Shock

  • Loss of blood through internal or external bleeding
  • Loss of plasma or fluids, i.e. burns, vomiting, dehydration
  • Allergic reactions (Anaphylaxis)
  • Infections
  • Heart trouble, heart attack, or stroke
  • Poisoning by chemicals, gases, alcohol, or drugs
  • Snake and animal bites
  • Respiratory problems, chest trauma
  • Lack of oxygen
  • Obstructions caused by choking
  • Injuries of all types, both severe and minor

Signs and Symptoms of Shock

The signs and symptoms will vary slightly with the specific types of shock. The most important thing is for a first aider to recognise the signs and symptoms of a casualty going into shock so that they can assist the casualty and call 000 when appropriate.

Symptoms may include:

At first:

  • Rapid pulse
  • Pale grey blue skin
  • The capillary test will be slower
  • Sweating and cold clammy skin

As shock develops:

  • Casualty starts feeling cold (even on a warm day)
  • Weakness and giddiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Thirst
  • Rapid shallow breathing
  • A weak thready pulse

As the brain’s O2 levels drop:

  • Restless, anxious and even aggressiveness
  • Yawn and gasp for air
  • Unconsciousness
  • Finally, the heart will stop

First Aid for Shock

  • If unconscious and breathing, place into the recovery position
  • If conscious – lay the casualty down flat onto their back
  • Promptly control any bleeding. Manage and treat all other injuries
  • Call 000 for professional assistance
  • Make the casualty comfortable, i.e. loosen clothing
  • Keep the casualty warm. Cover with a blanket if cold
  • Reassure and keep the casualty calm
  • Continue to monitor the casualty’s physical condition
  • You may moisten the casualty’s lips – but be sure that they do not eat or drink
  • If the casualty becomes unresponsive and not breathing normally, follow DRS ABCD

CPR First Aid Australia’s Available Courses

CPR First Aid Australia is offering a variety of first aid courses according to your needs. You can choose your preferred courses below:

    • NRT LogoHLTAID009 Provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation 
    • NRT LogoHLTAID010 Provide an emergency first aid response  
    • NRT LogoHLTAID011 Provide first aid –  formerly known as Level 2 or Senior First Aid. 
    • NRT LogoHLTAID012 Provide first aid in an education and care setting
    • NRT LogoHLTAID014 Provide advanced first aid
    • NRT Logo22578VIC Course in First Aid Management of Anaphylaxis
    • NRT Logo22556VIC Course in the Management of Asthma Risks and Emergencies in the Workplace

Do You Need General First Aid Qualification?

We recommend the NRT LogoHLTAID011 Provide first aid.

  • This also includes CPR qualification. The Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) recommends that this qualification is updated every 3 years.

Do You Need To Update CPR Qualification?

We recommend NRT LogoHLTAID009 Provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation.  

  • The Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) recommends that this qualification is updated annually.

Do You Need First Aid Qualification To Work In The Childcare and Education Industry, that Includes Anaphylaxis and Asthma Training?

We recommend NRT LogoHLTAID012 Provide first aid in an education and care setting. 

Are You Working With Children?

You will also be required to obtain first aid training qualifications in Asthma and Anaphylaxis. You need to check with the employer before enrolling, so that client gets the proper training for their circumstance.


RTO No. 21903: CPR First Aid was founded in 2007. We specialise in providing first aid training in CPR, asthma and anaphylaxis for a range of workplaces including childcare, schools and other industries in NSW, VIC, SA, WA and QLD. We are a Registered Training Organisation with the Australian Skills Quality Authority (No 21903). Our courses and Units are VET-accredited for workplaces in Australia


Shock is a life-threatening medical condition that is a decrease in blood flow to the brain and other important organs. Shock can arise in several situations, including due to uncontrolled bleeding from a traumatic injury. This is known as hypovolemic shock.

In dealing with a shock casualty, if needed, call 000 and wait for emergency personnel to arrive. Try to carry the person as flatly as you can with his head down and feet lifted if you need to move him for safety or to transport him to a location where emergency services can reach him. Stabilize the head and neck before moving the person if you suspect a neck injury but need to move them. If you think a person may have a spinal injury, do not attempt to move them until the emergency services reach you. You should suspect a spinal injury if the person has been involved in an incident that’s directly affected their spines such as a fall, severe pain in their neck or back, is not able to move their neck, feels weak, numb, has lost control of their limbs, bladder or bowels.

If it’s necessary to open their airway, place your hands on either side of their head and gently lift their jaw with your fingertips to open the airway. Take care not to move their neck.

Shock can cause a lack of oxygen to the tissues because blood carries oxygen. Blood loss from shock caused by bleeding results in death. Learning how to control bleeding is important in treating this type of shock. If the victim is already exhibiting shock symptoms, it’s crucial to take the required actions to keep the person stable until assistance arrives. You may consider learning with us by taking some of our courses and helping you prepare in case this situation happens.

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