CPR First Aid

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea?

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea?

There is a wide range of treatment options for sleep apnoea including lifestyle changes, devises such as a CPAP, and surgery. The degree of sleep apnoea plays a crucial role in identifying what may be the most effective solution and the kind of symptoms you may experience. Dry mouths, headaches, fatigue, and even stopping breathing are some of them. It occurs in 1 in 4 men over the age of 30 years old according to the Better Health Channel of the Victorian Government. So, if you would like to learn how to deal with this and find out first aid in situations when someone stops breathing, read further.

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea with Lifestyle Changes?

There is no first aid available for this condition and no single treatment works for everyone. So, although the following lifestyle changes may help, it’s best to consult with a doctor for more specific guidance.

No first aid; no universal treatment. Lifestyle changes may help, but consult a doctor for personalized guidance.

Lose Weight

If you are obese or overweight, it may be ideal to lose a few kilograms to improve your sleep apnoea. In doing so, you may also reduce your risks of other health issues such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and others. Seek advice from a doctor, work with a personal trainer, and/or get guidance from a nutritionist.

Reduce Alcohol Intake

Alcohol affects your body in different ways such as negatively impacting your sleep. So, try to reduce your intake as much as possible.

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea with a Devices?

Usage of the following devices in line with lifestyle changes may help treat sleep apnoea.

Using devices to align with lifestyle changes can help treat sleep apnoea.

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Device

It is the most common treatment for sleep apnoea which involves a mask worn at night to transmit increased air pressure into the airway. It has a few side effects including mouth leakage, throat difficulties, or leaking mask. Talk to your GP for more information about this option.

Dental Device

A GP may also prescribe an oral appliance, such as a mandibular advancement splint or MAS if you have mild to moderate sleep apnoea. Such devices work by lowering your jaw forward to create more room in the throat. A dentist needs to fit it and must be worn whenever sleeping.

Positional Devices

DIY tools such as pyjama tops or commercial products for sleep positioning may help you prevent from moving throughout the night, which causes sleep apnoea. Most CPAP manufacturers also offer the latter option.

How to Treat Sleep Apnoea with Surgery?

A health professional may decide you undergo an upper airway surgery by an otolaryngologist if none of the above treatments work. It may involve surgery to the palate and base of the tongue to create more room in the throat.

How to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) in Children?

Tonsillectomy is a common recommendation for children if the condition does not improve after 6 months. It removes tonsillitis which are the small glands on each side of the throat. Seek advice from your child’s doctor regarding this treatment.

What is Sleep Apnoea?

Sleep apnoea occurs when your throat muscles relax too much while sleeping. It may lead to the throat collapsing or blocking off, making it difficult or impossible for air to get into your lungs. So, in some cases, people find it hard to breathe, but family members who know first aid skills such as CPR may help.

Where to Acquire First Aid Skills?

Training.gov.au, the national register of VET, has a list of registered training organisations on its website that may provide training. One is CPR First Aid (RTO NO 21903) which offers courses for life-saving skills in its training centres throughout the country. One of them is found at the University of South Australia Mawson Lakes Campus, Mawson Lakes Blvd, Mawson Lakes.

What Causes Sleep Apnoea?

Anyone may get sleep apnoea, and about 5% of Australians have it, affecting around 1 in 4 men over 30 years old. However, the following factors may contribute.

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Age 
  • Alcohol
  • Certain illnesses
  • Large tonsils and adenoids
  • Certain medications such as sleeping tablets
  • Nasal congestion and obstruction
  • Facial bone shape and the size of muscles 

It has also been found that those who have narrow throats have a higher chance of getting sleep apnoea.

What are the Signs of Sleep Apnoea?

The following symptoms may indicate sleep apnoea.

  • Dry mouth and headache when waking up
  • More frequent bathroom breaks at night
  • Regular periods of loud snoring
  • Erectile dysfunction or reduced sex drive
  • Poor concentration

Irritability, mood changes, daytime sleepiness, and fatigue are also some of them.

How to Prevent Sleep Apnoea?

Applying the above lifestyle changes, being physically active, and quitting smoking may help prevent sleep apnoea and improve your overall health.

Conclusion

Lifestyle changes, devices, and surgery may help treat sleep apnoea. It occurs when the throat relaxes too much while you’re sleeping, which may lead to difficulty in breathing. Anyone may have it, but certain factors may contribute. There are signs to look out for and preventive measures to apply. Seek advice from a doctor for more information and proper guidance on which treatment to apply.

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