CPR First Aid

Simple Steps in Using AEDs

First Aid Courses in Mount Gravatt

Australia’s public places and establishments such as hospitals, gyms, schools, and healthcare providers are well equipped with AEDs and place signages for them. In this blog, you will easily learn the steps in using AED. This could be one of your best skills to use for future emergencies that you can master through first aid training.

What Are AEDs

An automated external defibrillator (AED), is a lightweight portable electronic device. American Red Cross explains that it can defibrillate or shock a heart having a cardiac arrest to restore a normal heart rhythm. It is designed to be user-friendly and commonly taught in first aid and basic life support CPR classes in Brisbane.

The portable device has a built-in computer and sensor that will check for the heart rhythm once placed on the patient’s chest and it will determine if defibrillation is required. Voice prompts are given to the user to follow and streamline the defibrillation process.

A lightweight AED: portable device for cardiac arrest. User-friendly, taught in Brisbane CPR classes.

Anwers to the FAQs about the Automatic External Defibrillator

  • For every minute that early defibrillation is delayed, it reduces the person’s chances of survival by 10%. This is why it is so important to call 000 if a cardiac arrest is suspected. A defibrillator is necessary to reverse this process and ‘reboot’ the heart back into its normal cycle.
  • An AED can be used effectively with minimal training, as all the current models are designed not to function unless an abnormal “shockable” heart rhythm is detected by the unit.
  • AED use is not restricted to trained personnel – any first aider can use an AED.
  • AED defibrillator units can accurately identify the casualty’s cardiac rhythm whether it is ‘shockable’ or ‘non-shockable’.
  • An AED is only to be applied to a non-breathing casualty.

Steps in Using AEDs on Adults, Children and Infants

Sudden cardiac arrest may happen to adults and even in children and infants. One must be familiar with how to use AEDs for adults, children, and infants. So, you are able to provide the necessary compressions while waiting for medical professionals. Know the similarities and differences of the procedure in using AEDs

AED use for adults, children, infants. Know procedures.

AED for Adults

Once it is determined that the patient is unconscious and not breathing after having a suspected cardiac arrest, follow these simple steps and reminders: 

  1. Immediately call triple zero for St John ambulance– It is very important to seek first for emergency services for them to be able to respond quickly at the scene.
  2. Position the Patient – The patient must be lying on their back (supine position).
  3. Start CPR Immediately – CPR should not be delayed while waiting for the AED and/or first responder to arrive.
  4. Turn on the AED – As soon as the AED arrives, turn on the AED and follow the voice or display commands. If possible, have a second person complete the AED aspects, while the first person continues with CPR.
  5. Attach the Pads – Move any clothing out of the way of the casualty’s chest. If the casualty is wet or sweaty, remove any moisture with something dry before placing the AED pads on the casualty. If the casualty has a lot of body hair and the pads don’t stick to the bare chest, you will need to shave the hair on the chest first.
    Tear open the AED pad packets and remove the AED pads. Attach one pad to the casualty’s upper right chest, and the other to the casualty’s lower left chest – these positions will be labelled on the pads.
    Pads must adhere firmly to the chest, so it is important to roll the pads onto the chest so that there are no air pockets underneath the pads. Press the pads on firmly, including the edges of the pads. Avoid placing pads over any implantable devices – pads should be placed at least 8cm from the implant scar.
    Do not place pads over medication patches – remove the patches before continuing as these can block the current and cause burns to the casualty.
    If cables are not yet attached, plug the cables from the pads into the unit (most units already have this ready for use).
    Warning: Do not put or place the electrodes or connected pads together or allow them to touch if the AED is ‘on’. This may complete a circuit and cause electrocution.
  6. AED Will Analyse – If the AED defibrillator determines that a shock is needed, move everyone away from the casualty. Another first aider continues CPR until the AED operator is ready to shock.
  7. Press the ‘Shock’ Button – Make sure no one is touching the casualty and press the ‘Shock’  button, and then let the AED re-analyse. Follow the instructions of the AED, you may be instructed to commence CPR, DO NOT remove the pads. The AED unit may instruct you that another shock is necessary. Continue CPR and AED until an ambulance arrives.

First-aid training courses and BLS (basic life support training) let you practice using an actual machine to respond to cardiac arrest (ventricular fibrillation). It allows anyone, even bystanders, be able to learn how to apply electric shock using any brand of semi-automatic defibrillator. Zoll AED 3, Zoll AED Plus, Philips Heartstart, and Lifepak are some of the choices.

AED for Infants and Children

Standard adult AED pads are suitable for persons 8 years and older. For children under 8 years of age, paediatric pads should be used when available.

  1. Immediately Call 000 for a rescuer.
  2. Position the Child – The child must be lying on their back (supine).
  3. Start CPR immediately.
  4. Turn on the AED.
  5. Attach the Pads – If paediatric pads are not available, standard adult AED pads can be used. Ensure the electrode pads do not touch each other on the child’s chest. If the pads are too large, there is a danger of pad-to-pad arcing. In this case, the pad placement is not the same as for adult AED. One pad needs to be placed in the centre of the chest, and the other on their back in the centre. This will be labelled on the pads.
  6. AED Will Analyse – If the AED determines that a shock is needed, move everyone away from the casualty.
  7. Press the ‘Shock’ Button – Make sure no one is touching the casualty and press the ‘Shock’  button, and then let the AED re-analyse. Follow the instructions of the AED, you may be instructed to commence CPR, DO NOT remove the pads. The AED unit may instruct you that another shock is necessary. Continue CPR and AED until an ambulance arrives.
    NOTE: Always refer to the manufacturer’s directions/ guidelines as they may vary between brands.

If you want to learn how to do the above steps, enrolling in an AED training may be ideal.

Where to Buy Your Very Own AED?

CPR First Aid is a distributor of the Heartsine Samaritan AEDs which has a warranty of eight years. It is important to talk to a seller that actually uses the AED, in order to understand it better. Please contact the office of CPR First Aid for your further questions and a quotation for the product. Checkout of the product including other items such as first aid kits is available on the company’s website.

AED/CPR Course You Might Be Interested In

CPR First Aid is glad to offer HLTAID009 Provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Brisbane, Australia. The organisation is under the Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) which regulates first aid course providers in Brisbane.

What is the HLTAID009 Provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation First Aid Course?

This course provides the skills and knowledge required to perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) in line with the Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) Guidelines. This CPR update course is the most recent version of what is often referred to as the CPR Update or CPR Refresher. 

Here’s Why Defibrillators are Important

Given that 68.5 percent of the 456,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests take place at home, having an AED available at all times increases your chances of rescuing a loved one.

Without a defibrillator, there is a 6–10% survival probability for cardiac arrest in Australia.

However, the survival probability increases from 70% to 80% when a defibrillator is used within five minutes. The ambulance response time for these kinds of crises is roughly 8 to 9 minutes which is why learning CPR and AED is vital. Fortunately, this CPR first aid course is available in Brisbane. You may enroll and join us, maybe it’s about time to have your best skills that can be used for future emergencies.



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