Earthquakes can happen at any time and without warning, so it’s important to be prepared. In addition to having a plan for what to do during an earthquake, you should also have a kit packed with the essential supplies you may need in case of an emergency. Here are some tips on what to include in your earthquake preparedness kit.
Earthquakes in Australia
Australia experiences a wide range of earthquakes, with the majority being relatively small and causing little to no damage. However, large earthquakes do occur occasionally and can cause extensive damage and even loss of life. The most significant earthquake in Australia’s history was the Great Earthquake of 1906, which had a magnitude of 7.9 and caused extensive damage in the city of Adelaide. More recently, the 2010-2011 Christchurch earthquake in New Zealand caused significant damage in the Australian city of Brisbane. While earthquakes can be destructive, they are also an important natural phenomenon that can help us to understand the Earth’s interior.
Preparing for an Earthquake in Adelaide
You should also have a plan for where you will go if your home is damaged or destroyed. Additionally, it is important to know how to turn off utilities like gas and water in case of damage. Finally, make sure you are familiar with your local earthquake hazard map so that you can be aware of areas that are more likely to experience damage.
What is an Earthquake Preparedness Kit?
One of the most important things you can do to prepare for an earthquake is to create an emergency kit. An earthquake preparedness kit is a collection of supplies and tools that can be used in the event of an earthquake. This kit should include items like food, water, and first aid supplies that will last for at least three days.
10 Must Haves in Your Kit for Disaster Preparedness
First aid kit
An absolute necessity for any emergency situation is first aid kits. It should be stocked with bandages, gauze, alcohol wipes, antibiotic ointment, pain relievers, and anything else you might need to treat minor injuries.
Another must-have for any emergency kit. Power outages are common during severe weather events, so a flashlight can be used to help you navigate your home in the dark.
Another thing you need to have in your emergency kit is a battery-operated radio. It will allow you to stay informed about the latest weather and safety information during a power outage.
Supply of non-perishable food
It is also important to have on hand in case of an emergency especially if there are children with you. This can include canned goods, granola bars, peanut butter, and other shelf stable items.
Supply of clean water
For any emergency situation, this is yet another necessity. You should have at least a gallon of water per person per day for drinking and sanitation purposes.
It can be used to signal for help if you are stranded or lost. It can also be used to attract attention if you need assistance.
Can be extremely handy in an emergency situation. This can include a pocket knife, pliers, and a saw blade.
Set of extra clothes and shoes
Also, a smart idea to include it in your emergency kit. This can help you stay warm and dry if you are stranded outdoors for an extended period of time.
Blanket or sleeping bag
Can also be useful in an emergency situation. This can provide warmth and shelter if you are stranded outdoors.
Finally, don’t forget to include a list of emergency contacts in your kit. This can include family and friends, as well as your local police or fire department.
How to Maintain Your Earthquake Preparedness Kit?
Here are some pointers for keeping your earthquake preparedness kit in good condition:
- Store your earthquake preparedness kit in a cool, dry place.
- Check the expiration dates of all food and water items in your kit, and rotate them every six months.
- Check the batteries in your flashlight and radio, and replace them as needed.
- Make sure your first aid kit is fully stocked and that all medications are up to date.
- Review your family’s emergency plan regularly and practice it periodically.
- Keep extra cash on hand in case of power outages or other disruptions.
- Stay informed about local earthquake risks and alerts, and know what to do in case of an earthquake.
By following these tips, you can ensure that your earthquake preparedness kit is always ready in case of an emergency.
Where Should I Store My Emergency Kit?
An earthquake preparedness kit should be stored in a place that is easily accessible yet out of the way. A good storage location might be under a bed or in a closet. The kit should also be stored in a waterproof container to protect the contents from water damage.
First Aid Emergencies During an Earthquake
There are a few common first aid emergencies that can occur during an earthquake:
Cuts and bruises
You can treat cuts and bruises caused by falling debris during an earthquake by doing the following:
- Clean the wound with soap and water.
- Apply pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.
- Apply a bandage to the wound.
- Repeat steps 2-3 if necessary.
If someone has a broken bone from a fall or a collapsing building during an earthquake, it is important to seek medical help immediately. Here are some first aid steps that can be taken in the meantime:
- Stop any bleeding by applying direct pressure to the wound.
- Immobilise the injured limb with a splint or sling.
- Apply ice to the area to help reduce swelling.
- Keep the injured person warm and comfortable until medical help arrives.
If someone has a head injury from being hit by a falling object during an earthquake, follow these steps:
- Check for signs of bleeding.
- If there is any bleeding, apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth.
- If the person is not bleeding, gently examine the injured area for any obvious deformities.
- If there are no deformities, immobilise the head and neck with a stabilisation device such as a neck collar or rolled-up towel.
- Seek medical attention immediately.
During an earthquake, it’s critical to seek immediate medical attention for anyone who has been hurt and is bleeding internally after being crushed by objects or structures. In the meantime, there are a few things you can do to help manage the situation:
- Try to remain calm and avoid moving the person around too much. This will help to minimise internal bleeding.
- If possible, prop the patient up with pillows or blankets to help reduce the pressure on his or her internal organs.
- Apply direct pressure to any cuts or wounds that are bleeding. This will help to control the bleeding.
- If the patient has a severe headache or abdominal pain, this could be indicative of a ruptured spleen or liver. Apply direct pressure to the affected area and call for medical help.
- If there is shortness of breath, this could be indicative of a punctured lung.
- Keep an eye on your level of pain and alertness. If either start to decline, this could be indicative of internal bleeding.
- Keep the patient hydrated by letting him or her drink small sips of water or clear fluids. Avoid caffeine or alcohol as they can worsen the situation.
Call 000 or your local Adelaide emergency number for more information if you are unable to get professional medical help right away.
In conclusion, families, businesses, or any establishments in Adelaide must have a disaster preparedness kit ready at all times as disasters can happen at any time. It would also be favourable if a member of the household or workplace is trained in first aid practices in the event accidents happen.
CPR First Aid (RTO 21903) is a leading provider of compliant first aid courses across Australia. For more information about first aid training at Level 1/174 Gilles St, Adelaide 5000, reach out to us and we’ll be happy to assist you.