When is a Spider Bite an Emergency?
Many people fear spiders. These small creepy crawlies are capable of hiding in remote locations both in and outdoors. People can stumble upon one by accident, triggering them to attack.
In addition, a spider bite may result in a myriad of symptoms, with the most serious being death.
Out of over 40,000 species, only a handful are dangerous to humans. However, if you live in or are visiting Australia, where the most dangerous spiders reside, it’s best to be cautious of any and all bites.
With that said, how would one know when a bite from a spider should be treated as an emergency? Here are several instances when you should seek emergency care if a spider bites you.
Emergency Spider Bite Situations
If You Know the Spider is Venomous
As stated previously, there are only a handful of venomous spiders in Australia, with the most dangerous being the Sydney funnel web spider, the red back spider, and the white-tailed spider. It may be helpful to know certain characteristics of each.
The funnel web can be black or brown in colour. Their bodies have a glossy sheen to them and their carapace is hard and covered with hair.
Another distinct characteristic of the funnel web is the web that they spin. As the name suggests, their webs are shaped like funnels and they hide within. When an insect goes to the entrance, they quickly come out and snatch them up.
If you encounter any of these funnel-like webs, it is best to steer clear.
These spiders are mostly found outdoors, especially in forests or gardens with a lot of shrubberies. They also tend to burrow holes and go under rocks or logs. In special cases, they also reside in trees.
Similar to the previous spider, this one also has a black body that is shiny. The difference though is that on their back, they have a red mark that is shaped like an hourglass. The red mark is a clear and easy warning sign saying that you should stay away.
These spiders live in much closer proximity to humans. They can be found in various unsuspecting parts of a person’s home.
While closer, these spiders are a bit fearful of humans when they make first contact. They tend to either run away or play dead.
Finally, we have the white-tailed spider. Their body is very unique in terms of shape and colour. Variations in their colour range from grey to a dark red hue. Their bodies are shaped like long ovals and are supported by orange legs. As their name suggests, there is a hint of white behind them, looking like a tail.
Like the funnel web, this spider can be found outdoors. They can be found in gardens, under rocks and logs, and in leaf piles.
If you know you’ve been bitten by one of these spiders, it’s important to seek medical help immediately as their bites can be lethal.
If You Didn’t See the Spider At All
If you were bitten and didn’t see the spider that caused it, there’s a chance it may have been venomous. If you aren’t sure and choose to wait for any symptoms to show up, it may be too late. Go to the hospital or call for an ambulance right away to be on the safe side.
In truth, seeing and being able to describe the spider that bit you is important. It allows the doctor to treat you with the corresponding antivenom. However, even if you didn’t see it, it should not deter you from seeking medical assistance.
If You Are Allergic to Certain Venom
An allergic reaction to certain spider venom is one of the leading causes of debilitating and even fatal symptoms.
There are times when a person is allergic to the venom in the spider’s fangs. The resulting reaction is anaphylaxis, otherwise known as an allergic reaction. Anyone with an allergy knows that if they are exposed, it is a serious matter that can end fatally.
Unfortunately, there is no test to confirm if you are allergic to spider venom, let alone which spider. Watch out for certain reactions like swelling in the face, having trouble swallowing, and not being able to breathe.
If Symptoms Worsen
There are certain symptoms that, if they occur, you should get to the hospital immediately as it may be a matter of life or death
If the affected area starts to swell up significantly or if there is severe pain, it’s an emergency. If you see necrosis, which is the death of tissue, around the bite site, it may mean that the venom has started to spread and you will need immediate medical attention.
Other symptoms like headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, and muscle weakness warrant a trip to the hospital as well.
If You Just Aren’t Sure
At the end of the day, if you aren’t sure whether or not the bite is an emergency, it is always better to be safe than sorry. Go to the hospital or call for medical help just in case. It’s always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to your health and safety.
Tips to Avoid Bites From Spiders
There are some things you can do to avoid getting spider bites in the first place.
Be Aware Of Surroundings
For starters, be aware of your surroundings. If you are walking through a wooded area or garden, be wary of where you step and what you touch. Be careful when moving rocks or logs as there may be a spider hiding underneath.
The knowledge of which spiders are dangerous and where they can possibly be residing helps greatly in this regard.
Spider-Proof Your Home
In terms of preventing spiders from coming into your home, there are some things you can do there too. Keep your house clean and free of clutter as spiders like to hide in these places
Make sure to seal any cracks or holes on the outside of your home as these may be entry points for spiders. You can also keep them out by using a spider repellent around the perimeter of your home.
Wear Protective Clothing
When you are in an environment where there may be spiders, it’s a good idea to wear protective clothing. This includes long pants and sleeves as well as closed-toe shoes. If you are working in an area with a lot of vegetation, consider wearing gloves.
Do Regular Checks
If you have been in an area where there may have been spiders, it’s a good idea to do a check of your body, clothes, and gear when you return. This is especially important if you are camping or hiking in an area known to have venomous spiders.
Bet on Being Bitten
Despite all these measures, there is still a chance you may get bitten by a spider. It’s important to know when a bite from a spider becomes an emergency so you can get the treatment you need. If you are ever in doubt, it’s always better to be safe and seek medical attention just to be sure.
Apart from knowing when a spider bite is an emergency, it is equally important to know the right first aid skills to help in these situations.
Learn all the relevant skills by taking CPR First Aid’s Liverpool course today.