CPR First Aid

How to Become an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

How to Become an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)?

If you’re interested in a career in emergency medicine, becoming an emergency medical technician (EMT) is a great way to get started. EMTs are responsible for providing basic medical care to patients who are experiencing a medical emergency. In this blog post, we’ll discuss what it takes to become an EMT and the duties of this profession. We’ll also provide tips on how to prepare for the EMT certification exam. So if you’re ready to start your career in emergency medicine, keep reading!

What is an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)?

A medical worker who provides emergency care to sick or injured persons outside of or en route to the hospital is known as an emergency medical technician or EMT. While the role of an EMT is vital in any community, these professionals are especially important in rural areas where medical facilities may be far away. In these cases, EMTs often transport patients to the nearest hospital or medical facility that can provide the appropriate level of care.

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What Do You Do as an Emergency Medical Technician?

EMTs possess the skills to assess a patient’s condition and manage respiratory, cardiac and trauma emergencies. Before a person can receive assistance at a hospital or other medical facility, they can provide basic medical and first aid care. EMTs are often the first responders to emergency situations, and as such, their training focuses on stabilising patients and transporting them to definitive care.

Roles and Responsibilities of an EMT

EMTs are trained to provide basic life support and care. This includes:

  • managing the airway, breathing and circulation
  • controlling bleeding
  • treating shock
  • provide patient assessment
  • splinting
  • bandaging

Some EMTs may also administer medications, depending on their training level and scope of practice. Here’s a list of what is expected from an EMT.

  • Respond to 000 calls.
  • Evaluate a person’s condition in an emergency situation.
  • Document the course of events and steps taken to manage the condition.
  • Identify the treatment required.
  • Provide first aid or life support needed
  • Bring individuals to the emergency room so they can get treated.
  • Give a thorough account of the patient to the medical professionals in the emergency room.
  • Transport patients between medical facilities.

Levels of EMT Training

In comparison with other countries, the USA particularly, there are three levels of training for EMTs: basic, intermediate, and paramedic. The level of training an EMT possesses will determine the type of care they can provide.

Basic EMTs

Have the least amount of training and are often the first responders to emergency situations. 

Intermediate EMTs

They undergo further training to be able to provide more Advanced Life Support (ALS) interventions, such as administering intravenous fluids and performing intubations.


Are the most highly trained level of EMT. Paramedics receive extensive training in all aspects of emergency medical care. In addition to the skills of basic and intermediate EMTs, paramedics are also trained to provide more advanced life support interventions, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), electrocardiograms (EKGs), and medications.

The specific scope of practise for EMTs varies from state to state.

Is a Paramedic the Same as an EMT?

No, each differs in delivering emergency care. As discussed above, a paramedic is a more advanced level of emergency medical provider than an EMT. Paramedics are able to provide more comprehensive care, including administering medication and performing invasive procedures while EMTs are able to provide only basic life support.

How Do I Become an Emergency Medical Technician in Australia?

In order to become an EMT in Australia, you will need to complete an accredited training course. These courses are typically offered by vocational education and training providers and will equip you with the skills and knowledge necessary to perform basic life support and respond to medical emergencies. Once you have completed your training, you will need to register with the relevant state or territory authority in order to practise as an EMT.

There are a number of different career paths that you can take as an EMT in Australia. You may choose to work in:

  • the ambulance service
  • a hospital emergency department
  • private sector

Alternatively, you may wish to work as a community first responder, providing medical assistance to those in need in your local area. Whichever path you choose, you will be playing a vital role in the provision of emergency medical care in Australia.

What are the Qualifications of Emergency Medical Technicians in Australia?

Emergency medical technicians in Australia must possess qualifications for either two:

In addition, they must have the current state e.g.  Adelaide CPR and first aid certification. Some EMTs may also choose to obtain a Diploma of Paramedical Science or Bachelor of Paramedical Science.

EMTs in Australia provide care to patients who are experiencing medical emergencies. They work closely with other health care professionals, such as paramedics, to ensure that patients receive the best possible care.

The National Registration and Accreditation Scheme

The Australian government is responsible for regulating the ambulance industry. The Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency (AHPRA) sets the standards for paramedics and EMTs. Paramedics and EMTs in Australia must renew their registration every year.

How Long is EMT School in Australia?

EMT school in Australia generally lasts for 12 months. This includes a combination of theoretical and practical training, which will prepare you for working as an emergency medical technician.

Practical training usually takes place in a hospital or ambulance service and will give you the opportunity to learn how to deal with different types of medical emergencies. You will also learn how to use different types of equipment, an AED for example,  and how to work as part of a team.

The theoretical component of the training will cover topics such as anatomy, physiology, and medical procedures. You will also learn about the legal aspects of working as an EMT, and how to communicate effectively with patients and their families.

Is it Hard to Pass the EMT Written and Practical Tests?

It can be difficult to pass the EMT written and practical tests, but it is not impossible. There are a few things you can do to increase your chances of success.

First, make sure you study for the written test thoroughly. There are many resources available that can help you prepare, including practice tests.

Second, get plenty of rest the night before the test so that you are well-rested and can focus. 

Finally, relax and do your best on the day of the test. If you prepare properly and give it your all, you should be able to pass.

Is Being an EMT Stressful?

Shift work and long hours can be stressful for EMTs. In addition to the physical demands of the job, EMTs must be able to handle the emotional stress that comes with working in emergency situations. They must also be able to deal with the constant changes in their work schedule.

The bottom line is…

Becoming an EMT in Australia is a great way to make a difference in your community and help save lives. The process to become an EMT is not overly difficult, but does require completion of an accredited course and passing the national registration exam.

Take the first steps to become an EMT by enrolling in NRT LogoHLTAID011 Provide first aid at CPR First Aid, RTO 21903. This 3HR Regular course replaces HLTAID003, which includes CPR plus online theory. Contact us for more information and we’ll be happy to walk you through the necessary process to achieving your EMT goals.

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