CPR First Aid

How to Remove Burn Marks on Skin?

How to Remove Burn Marks on Skin

When a person touches an object heated to a high temperature, or when they come in contact with fire, searing pain floods into the body. This pain is usually the first thing that people think about or are fearful of. 

However, burns also affect a person’s body in a different way. They leave a scar or a mark that can be a blemish on the skin.

While some flame-kissed areas may be blemished permanently, others are totally treatable. 

Let’s find out several effective ways to remove burn marks on the skin. 

Why Does it Leave a Mark or Scar? 

When a person comes in contact with something really hot, the skin is effectively burned. When these burns happen, the actual skin cells of the afflicted area break down and die. 

As this happens, the body actively works to try and repair it immediately. It does this by creating something called collagen which is a protein usually found in skin, bone, tendons, and cartilage. Apart from repairing tissues, it is also responsible for sending signals to other cells. This signifies the skin healing process.

Throughout the process, the damaged skin closes and makes itself thicker. These thickened parts are where marks or scars form. As stated previously, some scars are temporary, while others can be permanent. These all depend on the type and treatment of the scar.

Contact with something hot burns skin, causing cells to break down. The body responds by creating collagen, aiding in immediate repair.

Types of Burns and Their Signs

There are many types of burns that depend on the severity of the burn. From this, the symptoms of the scar largely differ.

First Degree Scars

With first-degree burns, only the epidermis or the outer layer of the skin is affected. As such, this will usually only cause reddening of the skin and pain in the burned area. 

The scars or marks gotten from this degree of burns are either temporary or none form at all.

Second Degree Scars

With second-degree burns, the damage goes deeper. Apart from the epidermis, it goes much deeper and also affects the dermis or the inner layer of the skin. Along with pain and redness, it can also cause blisters to form on the wounded area.

These blisters are dangerous in and of themselves. They contribute to the scar and if left untreated, could lead to severe infections.

To this degree, scars start forming.

Third Degree Scars

Finally, we have scars from third-degree burns. These burns take all the scarring symptoms from the first two degrees and add more on top of it. With these burns, the damage can reach the tendons and even the bones underneath. They may also go even deeper and damage the nerve endings.

The difference though is that the redness of the skin is replaced with skin that can turn either white or black. This is a surefire sign that the burn is quite serious. 

Types of Burn Scars

Now let’s move on to the type of scars received from these various burns. 

Scars from different burns vary.

Hypertrophic Scars

Hypertrophic scars are the most minor marks gotten from burns. They usually are red or purple in colour. The affected skin area is raised and when touched is quite warm. Victims will also feel itchiness around the area that they shouldn’t scratch.

Contracture Scars

These contracture scars are ones that are very tight around the affected area. As the name suggests, the skin with these marks contracts the skin and muscles. The contracting of these things makes it tough for people to move to the affected area.

Keloid Scars

Finally, we have keloid scars. As discussed above, when skin is damaged, tissue begins to form and heal the wound. In some cases, there is an “overhealing” that takes place. The extra tissue grows and hardens into what we know as keloid scars. 

These scars can form to become bigger than the original area of the wound or burn. They are usually raised lumpy scars with ridges that can start as red or pink and become darker over time. 

If these burn marks get too unwieldy and large, surgery may be required. 

Tips to Remove Burn Marks or Scars on Skin

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera has long been on the top of the list for skin marks and scars. This is why it is quite effective for sunburns. For burns, it even heals the wound itself faster than vaseline gauzes. This is because the aloe vera leaf has natural healing agents in it. 

Simply massage the aloe vera gel onto the mark or scar. With your hands, massage the gel into the area for a good 20 minutes. Afterwards, just wash it off with water and repeat it daily.

Egg Whites

Apart from being a delicious and nutritious food, egg whites are also known for their healing properties with burns. 

Due to the amino acids and proteins within it, applying it to burns cannot only lighten marks and scars. It can also serve to tighten loose skin and bring it back to its pristine condition. 

The whites do this by activating cell repair. At the same time though, they also shrink down the pores. 

Just like aloe vera, massage some egg whites onto the scars or marks.

One caveat though is that one should keep the skin hydrated as it may deter the area from healing. 

Lemons and Tomatoes

Another good home remedy we have can be found in lemons and tomatoes. 

Lemons are acidic fruit. The acidity naturally works to lighten the shade of certain scars. Tomatoes on the other hand act as a sort of bleaching agent for the affected area.

When used together, the juices from both lemons and tomatoes do away with the unwanted dead skin cells and start up the rejuvenation process in the marked area. 

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy is a common and popular way of handling burn marks on the skin. The lasers work by creating certain areas in and around the scar tissue. These newly created areas are pockets for regular tissues to be replaced in them. 

At the same time, they affect the blood vessels around the area. The effect is that the appearance of the scar is lessened. While it doesn’t totally take out all remnants of the scar, it does serve to flatten it. 

Other benefits include reducing the redness and pain that these marks have. 

Creams

If a burn mark is particularly serious or if these remedies aren’t getting the effect one would want, one should always go to a medical professional.

Apart from medical procedures, they’ll usually prescribe certain medicated creams that will help with removing marks. 

Why Is It Important to Remove These Marks?

One could argue that having a burn mark is nothing more than a blemish on a person’s appearance. While technically true, these marks and scars could have lasting effects on a person’s body image. 

Body image is how happy a person is with their appearance. A third of all burn victims are afflicted with grief regarding how they look. It is largely due to these marks.

This could affect a person’s socialisation. In the future, it may also affect their ability to be intimate. 

Burn marks may seem like mere blemishes, but they can deeply impact body image.

Live an Unmarked Life

A burn mark is more than cells burned away. It is more than just a sign of a close call with fire. It is a blemish that can affect the way a person looks, the way they see themselves, and the way they socialise with other people.

Everyone deserves to live as confidently and happily as they can with an unmarked life. We hope that the tips we have presented will help you do so. 

Burns are quite serious as well. At the moment when a burn takes place, people will need as much assistance as possible. You can provide that with relevant first aid practices.

Learn more through CPR First Aid’s Liverpool course. 

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