CPR First Aid

How to Treat Thrush?

How to Treat Thrush?

Sexual Health Victoria, a state-wide independent organisation, explains that anti-fungal medications like a cream or a tablet help treat thrush (candidiasis/candida). Although most medicines are available over the counter and online, resources recommend seeing a doctor if you experience any symptoms. Consulting with a health professional helps in the proper diagnosis and prevents the condition from worsening. While taking a medicine, it may also help to use home remedies to manage the symptoms. Thrush is an infection that may affect both men and women for various reasons. Symptoms differ between sexes and oral thrush also has its distinctive look. Fortunately, you may still reduce your risk of having it by following certain hygienic measures. Find more information about these below.

How to Treat Thrush with Anti-Fungal Cream and Medications?

If you suspect having a thrush, you may purchase any of the following anti-fungal medications over the counter as first aid. But, it is always best to consult a doctor first for proper diagnosis and advice.

If you suspect thrush, buy OTC antifungals. Consult a doctor for diagnosis and advice.


It’s a white smooth semi-solid cream that is effective for vaginal candidiasis and its symptoms such as itching, burning, and vaginal discharge. Its application is through the vagina and storage should be in room temperatures below 25 degrees Celsius.


It is an active ingredient in many medicines so side effects, age restrictions, and food interactions may vary. Use it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.


It helps treat oral candidal infections and visually appears as a yellowish homogenous suspension.

Oral Fluconazole Tablets

It is a treatment for vaginal candidiasis which is taken by mouth. For pregnant women, it is best to see a doctor before taking one to discuss possible risks.

Anti-Fungal Cream

A health professional may recommend men apply an anti-fungal cream to the genital area. This includes the penis and the region under the foreskin if you are uncircumcised. After application, you may store it in your first aid kit as most creams also treat infections on the other parts of the body.

Single-Dose Pill Treatment

It is a prescription-only treatment for thrush which a doctor may find as the best alternative for men.

How to Treat Thrush with Home Remedies?

The following home remedies may help ease the uncomfortable symptoms of a thrush.

Salt Water

Mix ½ teaspoon in 1 cup of warm water, rinse it around your mouth, and spit it.

Baking Soda

It’s the same process for using saltwater which is found to be a good alternative in some studies.


Include it in your diet as soon as you see the first symptoms of thrush. The good bacteria in it may stop the Candida from growing and treat oral thrush.

Lemon Juice

A 2009 study in South Africa concluded that a mixture of lemon and water is effective in oral thrush due to its antiseptic and antifungal abilities.


Add turmeric powder to your meals and/or drink turmeric tea. Its powerful compound, Curcumin, is known to contain anti-inflammatory abilities.

Clove Oil

It’s available as a supplement and is popular as a home remedy for a variety of oral problems.

Oregano Oil

Mix a diluted oregano oil with water and treat it as a mouthwash. A 2001 study found that it was effective in treating Candida albicans.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Its antifungal properties may be effective against Candida and it is an ideal alternative for those with denture stomatitis. Combine it with water and swish it throughout your mouth.

Vitamin C Supplements

Since thrush is an infection, helping your body’s immune system fight it better may be done with the help of vitamin C.

How Can You Get a Thrush or Candida?

It is not always clear, but getting this infection may be due to the following.

  • Antibiotics
  • Oral contraceptive pill
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Douche or cleaning inside the vagina
  • Poor skin hygiene
  • Do not apply basic genital skincare
  • Immunocompromisation
  • Other genital skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis
  • Smoking

Men and women who are not sexually active also have a chance of developing it.

What are the Symptoms of Thrush in Men?

Men who have a thrush infection (candida) may have the following symptoms.

  • Red rashes on the genitals
  • Red spots on the head of the penis 
  • Discharge from the penis
  • Pain when peeing
  • Difficulty pulling back the foreskin
  • A smelly substance that collects under the foreskin
  • Swelling and cracking of the foreskin

Some men may also not have any symptoms at all. 

What are the Symptoms of Thrush in Women?

In women, vaginal thrush is common, and it comes with the following symptoms.

  • Vaginal itch or irritation
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Redness and/or swelling of the vagina 
  • A stinging feeling when peeing
  • Painful sex

Similar symptoms show for other health issues such as genital herpes or urinary tract infection. So, it’s best to see a doctor for proper diagnosis.

What Does Oral Thrush Look Like?

Aside from the white patches on the mouth, an oral thrush also causes the following.

  • Pain in the mouth
  • Unpleasant taste
  • Difficulty in tasting food, eating, and/or drinking
  • Mouth and/or throat is red 
  • Corners of the mouth have cracks

The mentioned oral solutions could help with this infection.

The oral solutions mentioned above may work for this kind of infection.

How to Lower Your Risk of Getting Thrush?

The following routines may help lower your risk of getting candida infection.

  1. Both men and women
    -Maintain proper hygiene
    -Wear loose clothing to promote air movement
    -Avoid using soaps to the genital areas as these may cause irritation
    -Wear cotton-type clothing to reduce moist conditions that favour the growth of Candida
    -Wash hands thoroughly after going to the toilet
    -Change out of swimming and/or workout clothes as soon as possible
  2. Men
    -Gently wash your genitals by pulling the foreskin back and cleaning the head of your penis
    -Be gentle when pat drying your genitals
    -Wash your genitals thoroughly and use a new condom before engaging in vaginal sex
  3. Women
    -Wash your hands before touching your vagina area
    -Wipe yourself from front to back after using the toilet
    -Refrain from having vaginal sex right after anal sex
    -Change pads or panty liners regularly

See a doctor as soon as you experience any symptoms even if you apply the above preventive measures.


Over-the-counter and prescription medicines help treat thrush (candidiasis/candida). Certain home remedies may also relieve its symptoms. This infection affects the genital areas and the mouth of both men and women even those who are not sexually active. While the cure is accessible, it is best to see a doctor before trying any treatment for proper diagnosis and guidance. Preventive measures are also available to reduce your risk of having the infection.



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