CPR First Aid

What are Poisonous to Dogs?

Sources from across the web identify different foods, plants, and other poisonous items to dogs. For instance, Peta Australia states that alcohol, bread dough, chocolate, dairy, garlic, onion, grapes, raisins, macadamia nuts, salt, and others are poisonous to dogs. The organisation is dedicated to establishing and protecting the rights of all animals. Different resources also identify which other things may be harmful to your pet. Intake and exposure to these may cause intoxication, drop in blood sugar, seizures, coma, or even death. While it is possible to avoid such scenarios, it would be helpful if you know how to respond and have a dog first aid kit available. Learn about these below and discover what else may harm your beloved pet.

What are Poisonous to Dogs?

The ingestion of certain foods, plants, and things may be harmful to your dog.

Alcohol

It may cause intoxication that leads to minor cases such as a drop in blood pressure, vomiting,  and seizures while severe cases involve respiratory failure and death.

It may cause intoxication that leads to minor cases such as a drop in blood pressure, vomiting,  and seizures while severe cases involve respiratory failure and death.

Bread Dough

Bread doughs have live yeasts inside of them that expand when inside an animal’s stomach. So, if your dog consumes them, they may experience a dangerous bloating that requires immediate medical treatment.

Bread doughs have live yeasts inside of them that expand when inside an animal’s stomach. So, if your dog consumes them, they may experience a dangerous bloating that requires immediate medical treatment.

Chocolate

It contains caffeine and theobromine which are harmful and may be fatal to dogs. 

It contains caffeine and theobromine which are harmful and may be fatal to dogs.

Dairy

Dairy food such as milk, yoghurt, and cheese may cause dogs to suffer from nausea, diarrhoea, and itching skin.

Dairy food such as milk, yoghurt, and cheese may cause dogs to suffer from nausea, diarrhoea, and itching skin.

Foods in the Allium Family 

This includes garlic, onion, shallots, and scallions which may damage your dog’s red blood cells, urinary tract, and stomach.

This includes garlic, onion, shallots, and scallions which may damage your dog’s red blood cells, urinary tract, and stomach.

Grapes and Raisins

If your dog eats even a small quantity of grapes and raisins, they may suffer from vomiting, diarrhoea, and acute kidney failure.

If your dog eats even a small quantity of grapes and raisins, they may suffer from vomiting, diarrhoea, and acute kidney failure.

Macadamia Nuts

This particular nut negatively impacts a dog’s neurological system and possible effects are depression, vomiting, tremors, and leg weakness.

This particular nut negatively impacts a dog’s neurological system and possible effects are depression, vomiting, tremors, and leg weakness.

Salt

Big amounts of salt may cause thirst, vomiting, diarrhoea, seizures, kidney damage, coma, or even death in dogs.

Big amounts of salt may cause thirst, vomiting, diarrhoea, seizures, kidney damage, coma, or even death in dogs.

Xylitol

This sugar substitute may cause a life-threatening drop in blood sugar levels, liver failure, or death.

This sugar substitute may cause a life-threatening drop in blood sugar levels, liver failure, or death.

Caffeine

Caffeine, found in coffee and many foods, may have drastic effects on your dog’s neurologic, metabolic, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and cardiovascular states.

Caffeine, found in coffee and many foods, may have drastic effects on your dog’s neurologic, metabolic, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, and cardiovascular states.

Avocado

Avocados have persin which may cause diarrhoea, vomiting, and heart congestion.

Avocados have persin which may cause diarrhoea, vomiting, and heart congestion.

Oleander

Aside from food, some plants may also be harmful to dogs. Pet Circle, an online pet shop, creates a list of what’s poisonous to dogs, including oleander. It causes vomiting, diarrhoea, heart abnormalities, and neurological issues in dogs and other animals.

Aside from food, some plants may also be harmful to dogs. Pet Circle, an online pet shop, creates a list of what’s poisonous to dogs, including oleander. It causes vomiting, diarrhoea, heart abnormalities, and neurological issues in dogs and other animals.

Ferns

The Australian Brake Fern may cause vomiting and diarrhoea which requires a visit to a veterinary clinic.

The Australian Brake Fern may cause vomiting and diarrhoea which requires a visit to a veterinary clinic.

Azalea

This plant has grayanotoxins which cause vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, and cardiac abnormalities.

This plant has grayanotoxins which cause vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, and cardiac abnormalities.

Japanese Sago Palm

It is a popular ornamental garden plant in Australia but its seeds are toxic to dogs. Symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, seizures, and liver failure may occur within 12 hours of ingestion.

It is a popular ornamental garden plant in Australia but its seeds are toxic to dogs. Symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhoea, seizures, and liver failure may occur within 12 hours of ingestion.

Aloe Vera

The plant contains saponins and anthraquinones which trigger vomiting and diarrhoea.

The plant contains saponins and anthraquinones which trigger vomiting and diarrhoea.

Mushroom

Multiple resources state that dogs should not eat wild mushrooms as they are potentially life-threatening to the animals. It usually starts with gastrointestinal issues making your pet feel severely ill and possibly die later on.

Multiple resources state that dogs should not eat wild mushrooms as they are potentially life-threatening to the animals. It usually starts with gastrointestinal issues making your pet feel severely ill and possibly die later on.

Foxglove

It is dangerous to dogs and even humans as its glycosides toxin may cause cardiac arrhythmias, vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, or death.

It is dangerous to dogs and even humans as its glycosides toxin may cause cardiac arrhythmias, vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, or death.

Castor Bean

Studies show that the ricin in castor beans triggers hypotension, gastroenteritis, depression, and death.

Studies show that the ricin in castor beans triggers hypotension, gastroenteritis, depression, and death.

Hydrangea

Severe cases of Hydrangea poisoning involve cardiovascular collapse.

Severe cases of Hydrangea poisoning involve cardiovascular collapse.

Daffodil

The most toxic part of this plant is its bulb which causes vomiting, diarrhoea, low blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, tremors, or seizures.

The most toxic part of this plant is its bulb which causes vomiting, diarrhoea, low blood pressure, heart arrhythmias, tremors, or seizures.

Lilies

The ingestion of any part of this plant may result in fatal kidney failure.

The ingestion of any part of this plant may result in fatal kidney failure.

Cyclamen

The saponins in this plant trigger oral irritation, drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea, heart arrhythmias, seizures, or death.

The saponins in this plant trigger oral irritation, drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea, heart arrhythmias, seizures, or death.

Peace Lily

Its calcium oxalate crystals cause severe oral irritation, drooling, foaming, vomiting, or breathing issues.

Its calcium oxalate crystals cause severe oral irritation, drooling, foaming, vomiting, or breathing issues.

Fertilisers

Aside from toxic food and plants, organic fertilisers may also be harmful to your dog. Multiple companies warn about the possible effects of ingesting organic fertilisers as it may lead to severe gastroenteritis, pancreatitis, or gastrointestinal obstruction.

Aside from toxic food and plants, organic fertilisers may also be harmful to your dog. Multiple companies warn about the possible effects of ingesting organic fertilisers as it may lead to severe gastroenteritis, pancreatitis, or gastrointestinal obstruction.

What are the Dog Poisoning Symptoms?

Symptoms may vary depending on what your dog has eaten but it may include one or more of the following.

  • Tremor
  • Drooling
  • Panting
  • Pale gums
  • Disorientation
  • Weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal heart rhythm
  • Abnormal body temperature
  • Excessive urination
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Lethargy
  • Psychomotor agitation
  • Unsteadiness

The application of dog first aid may be ideal when you see these signs.

What is the First Aid for Dog Poisoning?

According to the Animal Poisons Helpline, you must do the following after your pet ingests a poison.

  • Rinse the mouth with a damp towel
  • Call the Animal Poisons Helpline on 1300 869 738 for further instructions who may recommend bringing your pet to the closest veterinary clinic

The same animal charity highly discourages inducing vomiting in a dog as it may further complicate the situation. It’s also best to have a dog first aid kit so you are ready to respond to an emergency. 

What Must Be in a Dog First Aid Kit?

Aside from a towel, the following items may be ideal for a dog first aid kit.

  • Tweezers
  • Scissors
  • Adhesive tape
  • Leash
  • Tick remover
  • Bandage
  • Dressing
  • Thermometer
  • Saline
  • Ice pack

First aid kit companies also offer these in a package.

Conclusion

Certain foods, plants, and fertilisers poison dogs, including alcohol, bread dough, chocolate, oleander, ferns, azalea, and others. If your pet ingests any of these, symptoms such as tremors, drooling, panting, vomiting, or seizures may show. First aid, medical advice from Animal Poisons Helpline and treatment in a veterinary clinic may help prevent health complications. Multiple resources state that the said poisonous items may cause respiratory failure, diarrhoea, kidney damage, cardiovascular issues, and even death. 

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